The basic idea of organic production is to cooperate with nature in the whole process of growing plants, that is, not to work against it. So it doesn’t matter if you cultivate one square meter or 5 acres according to the principles of organic production. The essence of dealing with organic production is to do things the right way.
1. Choose which plants to plant
In the beginning, it is very important to decide what types of plants you want to plant in your organic garden. The other thing you want to consider is the climatic conditions in the area where you live and which plants thrive best in those areas.
Also, if you want to plant your own organic garden, take care of plants that should not be planted together. Simply some plants if planted together help each other, while others can cause harm.
2. Choose a place for planting
If you are not only cultivating a product for sales, take small steps. A 4×4-meter-diameter garden is large enough to produce enough produce that an adult can consume. Smaller gardens are easier to maintain and cost less. Even a few pots can make up the garden. When planting, keep in mind the distance between the plants. When planting, care should be taken about quality, not quantity, or how much a plant can produce if planted and treated appropriately.
3. Take care of the sun
The garden must be planted so that the plants receive as much sunlight as possible. This is especially important for plants such as corn, beans, cucumbers and tomatoes.
For slightly more resistant and leafy vegetables such as kale, cauliflower and spinach, you may need to have a little (not too much) shade to make sure the plants won’t dry out.
4. Water the plants
Before planting a garden, you must be prepared to always be there for your plants, that is, to nourish and water them when it is needed. This is especially important when they are still in the development phase. You can water your plants early in the morning when the temperatures are low so you don’t lose most of the water due to the heat of the sun. Avoid watering the plants when the sun is strongest, as this can damage the plants.
5. Make compost
The use of compost for soil enrichment is one of the basic rules of organic production. Any organically derived product is great for making compost. The most commonly used are grasses, straw, leaves and so on. Adding organic matter to the soil creates ideal conditions for organic production.
6. Mulch regularly
Mulching is a very easy and simple process that prevents weeds from growing and is good for soil. Mulch gardens have fewer weeds and better retain water during dry periods. In addition to the plowed garden, you can also use a mulch to protect flowers.
7. Protect plants in a natural way
Use a variety of mechanical methods and ingenuity to get rid of weeds. Weeding, digging and mulching are some of the methods you can use to get rid of weeds. Of course, in addition to this, you can treat plants with organic products, such as corpus solution or onion and garlic spray.